Lohagad and Lohagarh Fort - Comparison between two iconic forts in India



1. Lohagad Fort




 Lohagad Fort is one of the many mountain kilos of Maharashtra. This hilly area is located near Lonavala and 52 km away in the northern part of Pune. The Lohgarh fort is built at an altitude of about 1033 m (3389 ft) above sea level.
This fort is connected with its neighboring Visapur Fort. Most of the time this fort remained with the Maratha Empire, but only for 5 years this fort remained with the Mughals.

The castle tower is built in the shape of a tail of a scorpion. This fort can be accessed from any of its four entrances, namely Maha Darwaja, Ganesh Darwaja, Hanuman Darwaja and Narayan Darwaja. An excellent guess can be seen at Maha Darwaja and there is a small cave at the third gate originally used to store food supplies. All four castle gates are still active.

Lohagad makes it an ideal hiking destination for pedestrians from Pune and Mumbai because of its accessibility, easy walking and lush green surroundings. Lohagad trek is very popular especially during the monsoon. Malavli is the center of this journey, 7 km from Lohagad. An easy, scenic and fun trip and the distance from Malavli and Lohagad can be covered in two hours.

The castle offers aerial view of Karla, the caves of Baja and Pawna Lake. The highlight of the Lohagad fort trek is the 'Vinchu Kata' for tail-like scorpion construction. This building is located outside the main part of the fort and requires an additional 15-20 minutes of walking to reach the edge. Durgah is another very important place within Lohagad which is located near Maha Darwaja.


History of "Lohagad Fort"

The history of Lohagad is quite deep, different kingdoms ruled it at different times. These mainly include Satavahanas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, Chalukyas, Nizams, Bahmins, Mughals and Marathas.
Shivaji Maharaj captured it in 1648 CE but due to the Treaty of Purandar in 1665 CE, Shivaji Maharaj had to hand over this fort to the Mughal Empire. Shivaji Maharaj re-incorporated this fort into the Maratha Empire in 1670 CE and he used this fort to keep his treasures.
This fort was also used to keep the looted goods from Surat in the Maratha Empire. Later in Peshwa times Nana Fadnavis used it for some time and also built huge tanks and stairs inside the fort.
Presently this fort is being protected by the Government of India.

Attractions near Lohagad Fort - Interesting Places Near Lohagad Fort

Lonavala - 20 km away, the famous and beautiful mountain area.
Bhaga Caves - 2 kilometers from Malavali, it once used to be the home of Buddha saints.
Ami Valley City - 22 km from Lonavala.
Karla Caves.



2. Lohgarh Fort

Lohgarh Fort (or Lohagarh Fort) was built by King Suraj Mal in the 18th century. Apart from this, Surajmal built many other fortresses and palaces. Lohgarh Fort is considered a very powerful fortress because the British could not hold it in spite of repeated attacks. King Lake laid siege to the castle for six weeks in 1805 but despite repeated attacks he could not achieve this victory. Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj were formed to celebrate their victory over the Mughals and the British. The castle is surrounded by a deep ditch. It is also alleged that the gate of the fort came from Delhi, which Alauddin Khilji took to Delhi after the conquest of Chittorgarh. 
In the 17th century the gate was brought to the castle and repaired.
The castle also houses a museum on its fronts - the State Museum. The museum is a great place to learn about martial arts employed by the Bharatpur rulers and take a closer look at the war-related artifacts that they used to defend themselves in the past. The castle also commands great views of the region, so visiting it is also a sight to behold.

Time: 10 am to 6 pm
Price: Rs. 20 per person
Location: Lohagarh Fort, Gopalgarh, Bharatpur, Rajasthan 321001


How to Reach

By Road: Bharatpur is well-connected through national highways to some of the important cities in the region.
Nearest Railway Station: there is a railway station in Bharatpur from where you can board trains to cities in the region including Delhi and many others.
Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is Delhi International Airport which is 154 km away.

Unforgettable fight with British in Lohagarh Fort

General Lake wanted to create enmity between the Rajputs and the Marathas, so he reminded King Ranjit of this treaty. At that time, the Holkar king was under his protection and the king refused to hand him over to the British. After this decision was taken in Britain, they besieged the fort and attacked the castle under the command of the lake but were defeated badly. Many of his soldiers and officers were killed. Two days later the British broke down the wall and the Jats skillfully attacked them.
In the third attack, Britain successfully crossed the canal but the Jats attack filled the canal in the soldiers' body. General Lake was asked to make a peace treaty but declined, saying the reservations would come. The combined forces of Holkar, Amir Khan and Ranjit Singh attacked the British.

When troops from Mumbai and Chennai reinforced British forces, they continued to attack. British troops were attacked from Boulder, but some of them were able to enter the fort. The British have lost so much of this war. An estimated 3000 were killed and another thousand injured. After this, the pool became a peace treaty with the Rajputs.


Best Pic of both Forts (Lohagad and Lohagarh Fort)



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